They discover the mysterious silver planet of Tuca, and deep below its surface they find an enigmatic machine--the legacy of a vanished race. Masters of science, they had overreached themselves by constructing a strange machine that could alter the very laws of nature. But the machine had destroyed its creators, and blasted a neighboring planet into a cosmic cinder Another epic space adventure of the Golden Amazon, John Russell Fearn's most famous and enduring character!
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Save For Later. Create a List. Summary The Cosmic Crusaders are plunged into a strange new space, where all the probabilities of electronic law are strangely altered, a complete and stunning inversion of all so-called natural laws. He writes:. Thus, if the facts were shaky or uncertain, one might build castles in the air without a solid foundation.
Such castle-building was hardly unique to Jews.
Within That Room!
In the classic case of the Smalley-FitzRandolph pedigree, described by Milton Rubincam in Pitfalls in Genealogical Research , it was shown that several scholarly publications in fraudulently asserted a genealogy claim in order to qualify family members for eligibility in the Mayflower Society. Years later, when the claim was questioned, the society instituted a project to reinvestigate all Mayflower families and adjudicate contested cases.
With so many opportunities for error, either accidental or deliberate, every family legend gets distorted in a unique fashion. You have to dig into the facts to learn where on the scale from substantially true to flat-out fictitious your legend lies. Most likely it is somewhere in between. Three cases in the genealogy literature bear this out see sidebar. On top of all the reasons that family stories go wrong, now add the ability of the Internet and social media to propagate erroneous information far and wide.
We know from the urban legend chronicler Snopes.
One such from the Snopes files, an oft-recycled legend about prominent politicians whose ancestor who was hanged as a horse thief, shows how genealogy legends can grab the interest of the general public. So what is an honest and diligent genealogy researcher to do? How are we to evaluate claims that are made, pick out the nuggets of truth, and shed the embellishments and outright fictions? How do we use our abilities not just to puncture sacred cows but to honor the legend by discovering its heart and writing its history? Your mission as a genealogy investigator is to seek the truth.
You want to describe the reality of past circumstances so as to illuminate the lives of our ancestors and ourselves. It does no good to perpetuate stories and legends that are untrue or misleading. We investigate genealogy mysteries using the same critical thinking skills used in any field that seeks to discover the truth from a set of facts.
The experimental scientist, investigative journalist, diagnostic doctor, homicide detective, and you all face the same challenge: to make sense of partial information and arrive at a logical explanation that fits the evidence. On the one hand, a critical thinker is expected to consider viewpoints different from his or her own. On the other hand, a critical thinker is expected to recognize which claims do not merit investigation.
In genealogy research, the scientific method has been encapsulated in a professional standard called the genealogy proof standard , which specifies a five-element methodology for establishing proof. In , the Board for Certification of Genealogists distilled the field's best practices for determining accuracy and published a comprehensive standards manual to support the overall proof standard. Jones offers a practical program for learning and practicing exemplary research methods.
Elizabeth Shown Mills is the author of several other books on the same topic. Jones describes the research reasoning cycle as comprising five phases that correspond to the proof standard elements: framing a question, gathering evidence, testing hypotheses, establishing conclusions, and documenting proof. Genealogists must practice critical thinking skills at each stage in order to succeed in their work. Achieving the full genealogical proof standard as done by Lenzen in her heritage-book investigation is a high bar for non-professionals, and is probably beyond the ambition of most hobbyist researchers.
Still there are minimum standards that anyone with a serious interest should follow when evaluating sources, interpreting data, and presenting a case. These 12 investigative techniques, gleaned from my years of hard knocks doing family history research, may not get you all the way to a gold-plated genealogical proof. I noticed that we have gotten some Israeli visits and used the Blogger statistics function to track down the source. See it here. It takes a while to load but be patient.
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