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3 Days in Cappadocia, Turkey | Earth Trekkers

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Popular posts. Close dialog. Session expired Please log in again. After breakfast, trek up all the way to Uchisar Castle, which has one of the tallest fairy chimneys. Go for a trek to Ihlara Valley. The shortest route is 6km long but it can be done easily.

Have a lovely lunch by the riverside after this. This will take up much of the day. When you get back to Goreme, hire ATVs and roam around and just enjoy the ambience of this unique town. For dinner try traditional Turkish food at Pumpkin restaurant which also doubles up as an art gallery.


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After ending the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great tried to rule the area through one of his military commanders. But Ariarathes , a Persian aristocrat, somehow became king of the Cappadocians. The kingdom of Cappadocia lived in peace until the death of Alexander. The previous empire was then divided into many parts, and Cappadocia fell to Eumenes. Persian colonists in the Cappadocian kingdom, cut off from their co-religionists in Iran proper, continued to practice Zoroastrianism.

Strabo , observing them in the first century BC, records XV.

Fairy Chimney Rock Formations - Göreme, Cappadocia, Turkey

The kings henceforward threw in their lot with the Republic as against the Seleucids , to whom they had been from time to time tributary. The imbroglio which followed his death ultimately led to interference by the rising power of Pontus and the intrigues and wars which ended in the failure of the dynasty.


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In the civil wars Cappadocia was first for Pompey , then for Caesar , then for Antony , and finally, Octavian. The underground cities have vast defence networks of traps throughout their many levels. These traps are very creative, including such devices as large round stones to block doors and holes in the ceiling through which the defenders may drop spears. In , Cappadocia was the largest province of the Roman Empire, and was part of the Diocese of Pontus.

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The Cappadocian Fathers of the 4th century were integral to much of early Christian philosophy. It also produced, among other people, another Patriarch of Constantinople , John of Cappadocia , who held office — For most of the Byzantine era it remained relatively undisturbed by the conflicts in the area with the Sassanid Empire, but was a vital frontier zone later against the Muslim conquests. From the 7th century, Cappadocia was divided between the Anatolic and Armeniac themes. In the 9th—11th centuries, the region comprised the themes of Charsianon and Cappadocia.


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Cappadocia shared an always-changing relationship with neighbouring Armenia , by that time a region of the Empire. The Arab historian Abu Al Faraj asserts the following about Armenian settlers in Sivas , during the 10th century: "Sivas, in Cappadocia, was dominated by the Armenians and their numbers became so many that they became vital members of the imperial armies. These Armenians were used as watch-posts in strong fortresses, taken from the Arabs.

They distinguished themselves as experienced infantry soldiers in the imperial army and were constantly fighting with outstanding courage and success by the side of the Romans in other words Byzantine". This immigration was increased further after the decline of the local imperial power and the establishment of the Crusader States following the Fourth Crusade.

To the crusaders, Cappadocia was "terra Hermeniorum," the land of the Armenians, due to the large number of Armenians settled there. Following the Battle of Manzikert in , various Turkish clans under the leadership of the Seljuks began settling in Anatolia. With the rise of Turkish power in Anatolia, Cappadocia slowly became a tributary to the Turkish states that were established to the east and to the west; some of the population was forcibly converted to Islam [ citation needed ] with the remainder forming the Cappadocian Greek population. By the end of the early 12th century, Anatolian Seljuks had established their sole dominance over the region.

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With the decline and the fall of the Konya -based Seljuks in the second half of the 13th century, they were gradually replaced by the Karaman -based Beylik of Karaman , who themselves were gradually succeeded by the Ottoman Empire over the course of the 15th century. Cappadocia remained part of the Ottoman Empire for the centuries to come, and remains now part of the modern state of Turkey.

This dialect of Greek is known as Cappadocian Greek.

https://ilaxezot.tk Following the population exchange between Greece and Turkey , the language is now only spoken by a handful of the former population's descendants in modern Greece. The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features.

The region is located southwest of the major city Kayseri , which has airline and railway service to Ankara and Istanbul and other cities. Among the most visited underground cities are Derinkuyu , Kaymakli , Gaziemir and Ozkonak. Sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams and ignimbrite deposits that erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago, during the late Miocene to Pliocene epochs, underlie the Cappadocia region. People of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out houses, churches and monasteries from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits.

The complex contains more than 30 carved-from-rock churches and chapels , some having superb frescoes inside, dating from the 9th century to the 11th century. Initially, this was attributed to erionite , a zeolite mineral with similar properties to asbestos , but detailed epidemiological investigation demonstrated that the substance causes the disease mostly in families with a genetic predisposition to mineral fiber carcinogenesis. The studies are being extended to other parts of the region.

The area was featured in several films due to its topography. The region was used for the science fiction film Slipstream to depict a cult of wind worshippers. In and early , the film Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance was also filmed in the Cappadocia region. The commercial shows some of the area's features. In the tabletop role-playing game Vampire: The Masquerade , Cappadocian is an extinct clan of vampires based around Mount Erciyes.